Bodhgaya - Where BUDDHISM Started
A standout amongst the most critical journey destinations for Buddhists, Bodhgaya is a town in the province of Bihar. It was here under the Bodhi tree that Gautama Buddha accomplished illumination. The place is clamoring with travelers all during that time who come to pay their respect in the cloisters, hallowed places and sanctuaries. It additionally pulls in visitors from India and abroad attributable to its brilliant Buddha statue, the Mahabodhi Sanctuary and the Bodhi tree.
Bodh Gaya is the very place that houses the Mahabodhi tree, under which Gautam Buddha contemplated and accomplished edification. The Mahabodhi sanctuary worked close to the Mahabodhi tree is exceedingly venerated and it is an advancing background to visit the sanctuary. One can at present discover the leftovers and relatives of the first Mahabodhi Tree. Bodh Gaya is the single greatest journey for all organizations of Buddhists all through the world. It is presently one of the UNESCO World Legacy Locales and a great deal of remote nations including Japan and China have helped the Indian government in building offices for the Buddhist travelers. Bodh Gaya likewise has different sanctuaries and cloisters devoted to Buddhism. Situated close to the stream Neranjana, Bodh Gaya was prior known as Uruwela. It was otherwise called Sambodhi, Vajrasana or Mahabodhi until the eighteenth century CE. An outing to Bodh Gaya gives significant bits of knowledge into the way of life of Indian religious methods of insight and furthermore grandstands some design showstoppers that would abandon one enchanted.
One of India's prime spiritual places, Mahabodhi Temple is not just a temple but Buddha's actual enlightenment place. Such is the calmness that surrounds this meticulously built temple that it attracts people of all age groups to visit it at least once.
Built by Ashoka in the third century and restored by the British in the year 1880, the temple got its due acknowledgment in the year 2002 when it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its only when you enter the temple that you realize how grand it is.
From the wide grounds to the main shrine of the deity (painted in gold), from the Bodhi tree to the pond adjoining the temple, from the meditation place in the inner courtyard to the meditation garden flanked by fountains and bells; seek divine bliss under one roof, at one place.
A peepal tree, it forms a major and most sacred part of the Mahabodhi Temple. In Buddhism, 'bodhi' means awakening experience or awareness of the true nature of the universe. It is believed that it was under this famous tree that Siddhartha Buddha meditated and attained enlightenment (around 2500 years ago). Though presently it is not the same tree as dated in history (it was planted in 288 BC) but either the fourth or the fifth succession of the original tree. To help you save any confusion, remember that Bodhi Tree is planted in the western direction which is right behind the main shrine.
Great Buddha Statue
25 meters tall, it is by far the largest and the first Buddha statue ever built in India. Owing to its huge size, it is quite a star-catcher with not just the pilgrims but every tourist in Bodh Gaya. Located right next to the Mahabodhi Temple, this statue was unveiled in the year 1989 by His Holiness Dalai Lama. Bordered by 10 smaller sculptures of Buddha’s disciples in the passageway leading to the Great Buddha Statue, the entire visual is a breathtaking sight.
A part of the Mahabodhi Temple, it is one of the most sacred shrines in Bodh Baya. Located towards the northern side of the temple lies the pathway which was used by Buddha during Buddha's third week of meditation. It was at this spot that he practiced walking meditation which is also called Cankamana.
Surrounding the temple are the spots where he walked and his footsteps have been carved into lotuses (made in black stone). You would often see many monks who chant in the praise of Buddha close to the pathway creating a soothing atmosphere.
Just 2 kilometres away from Bodh Gaya is the Sujata Temple. During Lord Buddha's journey to enlightenment, he had renounced all worldly pleasures, including food. It was during this time when a tribal woman (named Sujatha) offered kheer to Buddha who was starving from long. It is believed that after 6 years of practicing meditation, kheer was the first morsel Buddha ate. This temple, situated close to the Phalgu river, is thus dedicated to this tribal woman.
The Chinese temple in Bodh Gaya is situated close to the famous Bodhi Temple. It houses a 200-year old Buddha statue which was brought from China and erected as a sacred shrine. Constructed by Buddhist monks and renovated in the year 1997, this temple displays Chinese architectural styles and has been decorated with Chinese designs all over.
Apart from the main shrine, this temple boasts of three golden Buddha statues. You can also see different scriptures on spirituality by Chinese scholars inside the temple.
Of all the monasteries in Bodh Gaya, Thai monastery stands out for its exceptional architecture and stunning beauty. It has a sloping roof covered with golden tiles. Also home to a Thai Temple, the monastery has a 25-meter high bronze statue of Lord Buddha. The place abounds with peace and serenity and is ideal for solace seekers and those looking for a break from the humdrum of city life.
Gaya is the closest air terminal which is roughly 17 kilometers from the town of Bodh Gaya. In spite of the fact that the recurrence of flights is lesser, the airplane terminal is very much associated with Kolkata by flights. Presently, be that as it may, the air terminal has begun taking into account universal and in addition residential areas.
A principle street interfaces the town of Bodh Gaya to the city of Gaya. Bihar State Tourism Organization runs transport administrations (standard and exclusive transports) from Patna to Bodh Gaya twice day by day. Aside from Patna, transport administrations are likewise accessible from Nalanda, Rajgir, Varanasi and Kathmandu. Presently, another line of extravagance aerated and cooled Volvo transports have been presented that associate Bodh Gaya with close-by towns and urban communities.